Posted on - March 10, 2021
Anteroseptal refers to the location of the heart in front of the septum or the wall of tissues that separate the left and right sides of the heart. Whereas an infarct is a blockage in the supply of blood to some of the regions of tissues which leads to cell death. Anteroseptal myocardial is an ECG finding that suggests the presence of atrial fibrillation with a ventricular rate (lower chamber of the heart) of 116 beats per minute. Anteroseptal myocardial is a relatively uncommon condition to suffer from. If left untreated it may lead to myocardial infarction, causing irregular heart rhythms. To reduce the risk of anteroseptal myocardial infarction some behavioral changes must be adopted, including intake of a healthy diet, doing exercise, and taking efforts to stop smoking and drinking. As per the treatment required for anteroseptal myocardial infarction, the person must visit the doctor for a better diagnosis. The doctor may prescribe antiplatelet therapy and intravenous anticoagulation along with medications to give relief from the pain if any.
A diet that is rich in vegetables, fruits and most importantly a diet which has mustard oil contributes to lower risk of IHD (Ischemic Heart Disease). It is noted that many Indians have greater intake of Trans and unsaturated fatty acids, whereas the intake of Vitamin B and other important nutrients is very less. Tran’s fatty acids come from both animals and vegetable sources, therefore, identifying them becomes difficult. The most consumed Trans fatty acid all over India is Vanaspati, one of the major causes of increasing heart patients in India. Fatty acids leads to higher risk of having a blockage in the heart, cardiac arrest, increased cholesterol level and type 2 Diabetes. They increase the bad cholesterol level and also contributes towards the decrease in the good cholesterol levels. Making sure that the intake of saturated fat is less than 10% of your total daily calories. The optimal dietary pattern to reduce Cardio Vascular Disease is one that emphasizes whole grains, fruits and vegetables, legumes, nuts, fish, poultry, and moderate dairy and heart-healthy vegetable oil intake. Consumption of fish leads to a decrease in the risk of having cardiovascular diseases as Omega-3 helps prevent blood platelets from clumping together, therefore, decreasing the chances of blockage in the heart. This healthy dietary pattern needs also to be low in refined grains, added sugars, trans-fats, and red and processed meats. Keeping a habit of eating healthy and shifting to mustard oil is beneficial as it acts as a long-term chain of having monounsaturated fatty acid (good fat). Major changes to the dietary plan can help Indians to reduce the risk of having heart issues. Having a diet rich in vegetables, fruits must be recommended and also one must try to control their habit of smoking and drinking for a healthy and fit life.
Saturated fat contributes highly towards the increase in the level of cholesterol in the human body. Reducing its intake by reducing animal fat is recommended for good health. The greater the decrease in saturated fat, the more total cholesterol is reduced and, the greater is the protection from cardiovascular disease. Replacing dietary Saturated Fatty Acids with unsaturated fatty acids, and carbohydrates from fiber-rich whole grains benefit cardiovascular health. Consumption of Tran’s fatty acids leads to a high risk of cardiovascular disease. Tran’s fatty acids come from vegetables and animal sources, dietary intake increases the LDL-cholesterol (bad cholesterol) and as the intake increases the HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol level) decreases, increasing the chances of heart disease as a high risk of blockage can be suspected in the heart. Generally replacing saturated and trans-unsaturated fats with monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats (healthy fats found in olive oil, avocados, plant and animal foods, such as salmon, vegetable oils, and some nuts and seeds) are more effective in preventing coronary heart disease events than reducing overall fat intake, as decreasing the intake of fat and oils increases the levels of Vitamin E in the body and this all contributes towards unfavorable changes in the good cholesterol level. There are many options for reducing SFA in the diet and replacing these calories is caloric with macronutrients, including unsaturated fats (PUFA and MUFA), carbohydrates from whole grains, and protein with emphasis on plant sources will reduce CVD risk.
Fish are the best food source of omega-3 fatty acids. Some plants also contain omega-3 fatty acids. Research shows that omega-3 fatty acids can improve your cardiovascular health as it reduces the risk of sudden cardiac arrest due to abnormal heart rhythm, moreover it reduces the risk of blood clots because omega-3 fatty acids help prevent blood platelets from clumping together. One gram of omega-3 is recommended every day. Having fish is the best source for omega-3, many doctors recommend having fish especially for people with cardiovascular disease. Round or milled flaxseeds, flaxseed oil, chia seeds, walnuts, soy foods, and canola oil are some other sources that have omega-3.
Intake of high salt leads to an increase in blood pressure. A high salt intake has been shown to increase not only blood pressure but also the risk of stroke, left ventricular hypertrophy, and proteinuria. The desired intake of salt in some cases leads to a decrease in the medication prescribed by the doctors. Sodium increases the chances of heart attack as high consumption of it leads to problems like blockage in the heart, or irregular heart rhythm issues. A long-term reduction in the intake of sodium benefits people with cardiovascular problems, blood pressure issues, and the ones that have hypertension.
Consumptions of fruit and vegetables promote health through an increase in the level of all nutrients that our body requires. A daily intake of 400 gm. of vegetables and fruit is a must for a healthy heart. Current evidence indicates that fruits and vegetables consumed as part of the daily diet can help reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and certain types of cancer. Elevated blood pressure and cholesterol are risk factors for coronary heart disease and stroke, and the potassium provided by fruits and vegetables has been demonstrated to lower blood pressure. It is believed that a cardiovascular diet must focus on a healthy diet, healthy weight, desirable lipid profile, and above all desirable blood pressure. To do so one must reduce the intake of saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids to about 30% of calories, salt intake of about less than 5 g or 90 mmol per day), and increasing fruits and vegetables (to 400–500 g daily) are likely to be beneficial.